If I already didn’t know what the Ardennes are, I would have thought it’s the name of some mountain range in the Asian region. But, the Ardennes is a type of horse breed. In fact, it is one of the oldest breeds of draft horses, originating from the Ardennes region in Luxembourg, France and Belgium.
These horses (known also as the Ardennais Horses) are typically broad and heavy boned with muscular legs and feathery fetlocks. They have been used throughout history for draft work. They have also been used to create several other breeds throughout Asia and Europe.
Here are 12 things you probably didn’t know about the Ardennes Horse:
What You'll Learn Today
- 0.1 1. The Average Ardennes Weighs 1500 To 2200 Pounds
- 0.2 2. The Ardennes Was Particularly Favoured By Julius Caesar
- 0.3 3. The Ardennes Was Also Favored By The Great Napoleon
- 0.4 4. The Ardennes Was Heavily Used As A War Horse
- 0.5 5. Ardennes Meat Is Considered A Delicacy
- 0.6 6. The Ardennes Is Much Taller Than The Average Horse
- 0.7 7. Its Most Common Colors Are Gray, Chestnut, Roan and Palomino
- 0.8 8. The Ardennes Gets Its Name From The Area It Inhabits
- 0.9 9. The Ardennes Was Used To Create Several Other Horse Breeds
- 0.10 10. The Ardennes Is A Very Gentle And Kind Beast
- 0.11 11. The Ardennes Is A Multi-talented Breed
- 0.12 12. The Ardennes Has Remained Unchanged For The Last 15,000 Years
- 1 Frequently Asked Questions
1. The Average Ardennes Weighs 1500 To 2200 Pounds
The Ardennes is one of the earliest heavy breeds, with a strong infusion of Belgian draught horse blood for strength and size. It has a massive body, huge legs and short back, and weighs 1500 to 2200 pounds.
Despite its size, it is easy to handle and having lived in a very harsh environment, it is naturally economical to keep.
2. The Ardennes Was Particularly Favoured By Julius Caesar
The Ardennes was heavily praised by Julius Caesar who described the horse as “hard, tireless and rustic”. He recommended them for their vigor in cavalry work. Even after his death, the horse was employed by other emperors for official uses in the empire.
3. The Ardennes Was Also Favored By The Great Napoleon
These horses were also favored by Napoleon. It is said that he owed his return to Niemen to his cavalry horses, which happened to be the Ardennes.
He glorified them as extremely hardy horses that could withstand the bitter cold that was responsible for the destruction of 10,000 horses. The Ardennes managed to pull wagons through deep mud and snow.
4. The Ardennes Was Heavily Used As A War Horse
Similarly to other horse breeds with a long history (e.g. Marwari Horse), Ardennes was used as a war horse. Much later in time, any middle Ages knights commented on the remarkable agility and strength of the Ardennes Horse.
For this reason, they were used for carrying soldiers into the battlefield even when they were suited up in full armour.
5. Ardennes Meat Is Considered A Delicacy
During the first and the second world wars, Ardennes meat was used to feed hundreds of soldiers. When an Ardennes died in battle, or when it became mortally wounded, they were provided as food to the troops who were on the verge of starvation after long campaigns.
The taste for its meat has seemingly never disappeared in places like France and Belgium where they are still considered a delicacy.
6. The Ardennes Is Much Taller Than The Average Horse
The Ardennes horse ranges between 15 to 16 hands, whereas most other horse breeds range between 13 to 14 hands. They have bulky heads and a straight or convex profile. They also have broad faces and small, pointed ears.
7. Its Most Common Colors Are Gray, Chestnut, Roan and Palomino
The common colors for the Ardennes draft horse are chestnut, gray, palomino and roan. In rare cases, if their coat color is black, such breeds are not registered.
8. The Ardennes Gets Its Name From The Area It Inhabits
These horses get their name from the area where they originated from, in Belgium, Luxembourg and France.
9. The Ardennes Was Used To Create Several Other Horse Breeds
The Ardennes draft horse was used in the creation of three different breeds of horses: the Baltic Ardennes, the Swedish Ardennes and the Russian Heavy Draft.
10. The Ardennes Is A Very Gentle And Kind Beast
Despite its huge size, the Ardennes is a very gentle and docile creature. It is very tolerant and kind too.
11. The Ardennes Is A Multi-talented Breed
During the olden days, the Ardennes was used to pull heavy supplies and artillery thanks to their strength and stamina. Today, they are used as farm horses since they have a nice muscular body.
They are also used for endurance and general riding. Additionally, they have been used throughout history to improve the quality of other breeds.
12. The Ardennes Has Remained Unchanged For The Last 15,000 Years
The Ardennes horse is a descendant of the Solutrian breed which occupied the Meuse and Rhone region around 50,000 B.C. Recent research has discovered that the Ardennes horse remained unchanged for the last 15,000 years, taking the breed back to the ice age era.
And that’s all we have about the Ardennes draft horses. If you’re interested in learning more about other horse breeds, you can have a look at the following books about horse breeds. If you want to have a bit of fun, you should try our popular horse breeds quiz.
Frequently Asked Questions
Although they are big horses and generally used for draft work, you can ride an Ardennes horse – and you will love it! They are strong horses with great endurance, so can carry you for a long way before getting tired. They are great for the heavier rider.
This is not considered an endangered horse, but it is still a relatively uncommon breed for riding and draft work these days. It is, however, used for meat in some countries, because of its astonishing amount of muscle.
These horses, despite their immense size, are considered gentle giants. They are “cold blooded” and have a docile nature, making them kind and honest to work with. They are also very easy to keep, and will thrive on even poor quality forage.
The bigger horses don’t tend to live as long as their smaller counterparts, and the Ardennes is no exception. They can, if well looked after and kept healthy, live for 25 to 30 years old.
The Ardennes was used as a war horse, but not one of the charging cavalry types. Its enormous muscle made it ideal for hauling heavy artillery, in the same way that it is used for draft work today.