Equine veterinarians are fully qualified vets who specialize in treating horses, donkeys, mules and perhaps other equines (e.g. zebras). A horse veterinarian’s duties can be challenging because they involve traveling from place to place to see patients, working in less than optimal conditions and dealing with large animals (and their owners) who may be under duress.
Even so, people who pursue this career usually do so because they love horses, so the challenges are all just part of a days’ work.
What You'll Learn Today
- 1 What Does A Horse Vet Do?
- 2 How Much Education Is Required?
- 3 What Do You Have To Do To Become A Horse Vet?
- 4 How Much Can An Equine Vet Earn?
- 5 Where Do Equine Vets Work?
- 6 Frequently Asked Questions
What Does A Horse Vet Do?
Equine veterinarians perform examinations, administer vaccines (Tetanus, Rabies, West Nile Virus, etc) and medications, deliver foals, provide advice on feeding, perform needed surgeries, issuing prescriptions, and much more.
An equine vet must help owners meet the health and medical needs of their equine companions.
How Much Education Is Required?
A horse doctor must successfully attain a 4 year degree as a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. This is typically done after attaining a 4 year Bachelor’s Degree.
All-in-all, like an MD, veterinarians should have 8 years of higher education altogether.
In addition to formal education, an equine vet must have good horse sense, genuine compassion for equines and the ability to work and communicate effectively with horse’s owners, trainers, jockeys, law enforcement professionals and others who may be involved in the care of horses.
What Do You Have To Do To Become A Horse Vet?
First Step: Bachelor’s Degree From College
First, you should go to college or university and earn a Bachelor’s Degree. This is not a strict requirement for attending veterinary school, but candidates who have a degree in an animal health care related field, such as:
…have a much better chance of being accepted to veterinary school than even the most experienced horseman or woman who may wander in off the street hoping to become a vet.
Some veterinary schools will accept applicants who have successfully earned between 45 and 90 undergraduate credits.
It’s wise to pursue a well-rounded course of study that includes a good collection of general education requirements, such as:
- Social Science
All of these courses will help you in dealing with your human clients and in managing your business.
Second Step: Veterinary School
Second, you must apply to veterinary school and submit to standardized testing, such as:
- Graduate Record Exam (GRE)
- Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)
- Veterinary College Admission Test (VCAT)
Once you have passed the required exams, you can buckle down and earn your degree in veterinary medicine. If all goes well, this should take four years and you will emerge as a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM).
Of these four years, the first two will consist mostly of class work focusing on biomedical science. There will also be coursework that will help you prepare for working in a clinical practice.
Once you’ve completed the class work, you will get hands-on experience by participating in a clinical clerkship, supervised by a licensed vet.
In the final year, this may involve completing clinical rotations in the specialty of your choosing (equine medicine).
Third Step: Internship
Third, you may wish to complete an internship to get even more direct experience.
Although it is possible to go right into practice after graduating, the Bureau of Labor Statistics advises that completing an internship is a smart choice that will result in more job opportunities and better pay.
Fourth Step: License
Fourth, you must approach the National Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners (NBVME) to take your licensing test and obtain your license to practice veterinary medicine.
Specific requirements and procedures may vary depending upon your location.
Fifth Step: Specialization
Fifth, in addition to specializing in working with equines, you may wish to further narrow your field by specializing in a particular type of care, such as:
- Preventative Medicine
- Internal Medicine
To specialize, you will need three or four more years of residency training, which must be approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).
Once complete, you would apply for board certification in your specialty.
How Much Can An Equine Vet Earn?
In 2015, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that equine vets generally had an annual income of about $99,000.
It is important to note that the BLS also predicted that income for a veterinarian specializing in equine care is predicted to increase at a rate of approximately 9% annually.
Where Do Equine Vets Work?
You may pursue private practice, work within a larger established practice or look into working at a zoo, racetrack, training stable or other establishment where equines are cared for and housed.
How To Become A Horse Vet
Frequently Asked Questions
Becoming a horse veterinarian is as difficult as, or more difficult than, becoming an MD. There is a great deal of competition just to get into a good veterinary school. You must begin the process of getting into veterinary school by successfully attaining a Bachelor’s degree. Once in, you must complete four years of education, a residency and an internship.
Equine vets are needed anywhere horses are kept, ranging from kill lots in auction yards to trackside at the races to the very best stables on royal estates. The amount you can earn as an equine vet varies depending upon where you are and what kind of practice you have. You may earn as little as $47,000 a year or as much as $200,000.
If you are only interested in being an equine vet for monetary reasons, the pursuit will not be worth the effort no matter how much money you make. The reason for this is that, in order to be truly successful working with horses, you must love and be fascinated by them. If you do not have a deep and abiding desire to learn about, know about and help horses, you will not be a successful or happy equine veterinarian.
An equine vet tech assists an equine vet in a wide variety of ways. Just as a nurse assists a doctor, an equine vet tech might take care of some administrative and office matters in the veterinary office. He or she might ride along with the vet and help prep and handle patients. The tech might make preparations for surgery and might assist in surgery. He or she might be responsible for keeping inventory of medical and surgical supplies and making sure that all needed materials are kept in stock.
Becoming an equine vet tech is an excellent stepping stone toward becoming an equine vet. To become an equine vet tech involves quite a bit less pressure, time and money as compared to becoming an equine vet. You can enter vet tech school with only a high school education, and you can obtain your associates or bachelor’s degree while obtaining your credentials as an equine vet tech. The job field is a bit more open, and the pay is quite good (approximately $30,000 annually). As an equine vet tech, you can gain experience and familiarity with the tasks of an equine vet.
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